Pediatric end-stage renal disease patients, maintained on chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD), may have a variety of immunological abnormalities, including hypogammaglobulinemia and poor responses to vaccines. We measured antibody levels to Hemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) in 24 CPD patients. Eight children received primary Hib immunization while undergoing CPD. Of these, 1 of 8 (12%) lacked protective levels of antibody. In another child, who had an initial protective response, antibody levels were undetectable 12 months after immunization. Sixteen of the patients had not been immunized with Hib vaccine because they were more than 5 years old when the vaccine was licensed. In this group, 5 of 16 (31%) lacked protective levels of anti-Hib antibody. Of those available for follow-up, 3 responded normally to Hib vaccine. It is not sufficient to provide childhood immunizations to CPD patients with the assumption that those immunizations will lead to long-lived immunity. Antibody levels should be measured within a month of immunization and at regular intervals thereafter to document immunity.
- Chronic peritoneal dialysis
- Chronic renal failure
- Hemophilus influenzae type b
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health