Decreased intracellular pH is not due to increased H + extrusion in preconditioned rat hearts

Scott A. Gabel, Heather R. Cross, Robert E. London, Charles Steenbergen, Elizabeth Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ischemic preconditioning reduces intracellular acidification during a subsequent, prolonged period of ischemia. This may reflect decreased anaerobic glycolysis or increased H + efflux. To distinguish between these hypotheses, we monitored intracellular and extracellular pH during a sustained period of ischemia to determine whether the preconditioned hearts had increased H + efflux compared with nonpreconditioned hearts. At the end of 20 min of ischemia, intracellular pH in nonpreconditioned hearts was 5.90 ± 0.08 and extracellular pH was 5.51 ± 0.21, whereas in preconditioned hearts, intracellular pH was 6.50 ± 0.06 and extracellular pH was 6.62 ± 0.06. To investigate whether an Na +/H + exchange inhibitor would alter the reduced acidification during ischemia, we preconditioned hearts with and without dimethylamiloride (DMA). Intracellular pH during ischemia was similar in preconditioned hearts with and without DMA treatment (pH 6.42 ± 0.02 vs. 6.45 ± 0.03, respectively). These data do not support the hypothesis that enhanced proton efflux is responsible for the more alkaline intracellular pH during sustained ischemia in preconditioned hearts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H2257-H2262
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number5 42-5
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance
  • Preconditioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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