Decreased flow reserve in ''stunned'' myocardium after a 10-min coronary occlusion

J. F. Triana, R. Bolli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effect of brief reversible ischemia on coronary vascular function remains controversial. Studies using a 15-min coronary occlusion have reported an impairment of vasodilator reserve, whereas studies using shorter occlusions have not. To elucidate the relation between postischemic vascular abnormalities and duration of ischemic insult, we evaluated coronary reserve after a 10-min coronary occlusion in the same model previously used for a 15-min occlusion. Open-chest dogs (n = 12) underwent a 10-min left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion followed by reflow. Four hours after reperfusion, coronary resistance was higher in the postischemic ''stunned'' myocardium than in the nonischemic myocardium, both at rest and during adenosine-induced maximal vasodilation; in addition, all indexes of reactive hyperemia after a 40-s coronary occlusion were significantly lower than at baseline. There was no appreciable correlation between systolic wall thickening in the stunned myocardium and 1) the resting myocardial perfusion, 2) the hyperemia attained during adenosine, and 3) the hyperemic response to a 40-s coronary occlusion. The loss of coronary reserve was less than that previously observed after a 15-min occlusion, suggesting that the magnitude of the postischemic vascular abnormalities increases with the duration of the ischemic insult. In control dogs (n = 8), there was no change in coronary reserve. We conclude that a brief ischemic insult lasting only 10 min is sufficient to cause a prolonged increase in resting vascular resistance and a prolonged impairment in vasodilator responsiveness, both of which persist for at least 4 h, indicating the presence of a postischemic microvascular dysfunction. The severity of these vascular derangements is not related to the severity of the contractile depression, suggesting that they may represent a relatively independent phenomenon. The differences among previous studies may be due, in part, to the fact that the abnormalities observed after a 10-min occlusion are relatively subtle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume261
Issue number3 30-3
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Myocardial Stunning
Coronary Occlusion
Blood Vessels
Hyperemia
Vasodilator Agents
Adenosine
Dogs
Myocardial Reperfusion
Vasodilation
Vascular Resistance
Coronary Vessels
Myocardium
Thorax
Ischemia
Perfusion

Keywords

  • Adenosine
  • Coronary blood flow
  • Myocardial reperfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

Cite this

Decreased flow reserve in ''stunned'' myocardium after a 10-min coronary occlusion. / Triana, J. F.; Bolli, R.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 261, No. 3 30-3, 1991.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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