Decrease in shigellosis-related deaths without shigella spp.- specific interventions, Asia

Pradip Bardhan, A. S G Faruque, Aliya Naheed, David Allen Sack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In 1999, a review of the literature for 1966-1997 suggested that ≈1.1 million persons die annually of shigellosis, including ≈880,000 in Asia. Our recent review of the literature for 1990-2009 indicates that ≈125 million shigellosis cases occur annually in Asia, of which ≈14,000 are fatal. This estimate for illnesses is similar to the earlier estimate, but the number of deaths is 98% lower; that is, the lower estimate of deaths is associated with markedly reduced case fatality rates rather than fewer cases. Shigella spp.-related deaths decreased substantially during a period without Shigella spp.-specific interventions. We speculate that non specific interventions, e.g., measles vaccination, vitamin A supplementation, and improved nutrition, may have led to the reduced number of shigellosis-related deaths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1718-1723
Number of pages6
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume16
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

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Bacillary Dysentery
Shigella
Measles
Vitamin A
Vaccination
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Decrease in shigellosis-related deaths without shigella spp.- specific interventions, Asia. / Bardhan, Pradip; Faruque, A. S G; Naheed, Aliya; Sack, David Allen.

In: Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 16, No. 11, 10.2010, p. 1718-1723.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bardhan, Pradip ; Faruque, A. S G ; Naheed, Aliya ; Sack, David Allen. / Decrease in shigellosis-related deaths without shigella spp.- specific interventions, Asia. In: Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2010 ; Vol. 16, No. 11. pp. 1718-1723.
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