Decline in self-reported high-risk injection-related behaviors among HIV-seropositive participants in the Baltimore needle exchange program

John Vertefeuille, Melissa Hewett-Marx, Waimar Tun, Steven Huettner, Steffanie A. Strathdee, David Vlahov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine whether enrollment in a needle exchange program (NEP) was associated with reduction(s) in high-risk injection practices among HIV-seropositive drug users. Between August 1994 and August 1997 HIV-seropositive individuals who underwent baseline and 6-month follow-up visits in the Baltimore NEP evaluation were studied. Chi-square statistics and paired t tests were used to compare reported injection-related behaviors between visits. One hundred and twelve HIV-seropositive NEP participants completed baseline and follow-up visits. Between visits self-reported lending of used syringes to others decreased (34.0% vs. 15.5%, p = .001), borrowing syringes from others decreased (23.2% vs. 11A%, p = .002), and reported participation in drug treatment increased (8.0% vs. 18.8%, p = .01). A decrease in the mean number of injections per syringe was reported, 11.4 vs. 4.7 (p <.001). These data suggest that NEP attendance can contribute to significant reductions in risky drug-use behaviors in HIV-seropositive drug users.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-388
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Needle-Exchange Programs
Baltimore
Syringes
HIV
Injections
Drug Users
Program Evaluation
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Injection drug use
  • Needle exchange program
  • Prevention
  • Substance abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Decline in self-reported high-risk injection-related behaviors among HIV-seropositive participants in the Baltimore needle exchange program. / Vertefeuille, John; Hewett-Marx, Melissa; Tun, Waimar; Huettner, Steven; Strathdee, Steffanie A.; Vlahov, David.

In: AIDS and Behavior, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2000, p. 381-388.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vertefeuille, John ; Hewett-Marx, Melissa ; Tun, Waimar ; Huettner, Steven ; Strathdee, Steffanie A. ; Vlahov, David. / Decline in self-reported high-risk injection-related behaviors among HIV-seropositive participants in the Baltimore needle exchange program. In: AIDS and Behavior. 2000 ; Vol. 4, No. 4. pp. 381-388.
@article{b30adb5dd78b4ee9b71bbd2df5a7b9a7,
title = "Decline in self-reported high-risk injection-related behaviors among HIV-seropositive participants in the Baltimore needle exchange program",
abstract = "This study was conducted to determine whether enrollment in a needle exchange program (NEP) was associated with reduction(s) in high-risk injection practices among HIV-seropositive drug users. Between August 1994 and August 1997 HIV-seropositive individuals who underwent baseline and 6-month follow-up visits in the Baltimore NEP evaluation were studied. Chi-square statistics and paired t tests were used to compare reported injection-related behaviors between visits. One hundred and twelve HIV-seropositive NEP participants completed baseline and follow-up visits. Between visits self-reported lending of used syringes to others decreased (34.0{\%} vs. 15.5{\%}, p = .001), borrowing syringes from others decreased (23.2{\%} vs. 11A{\%}, p = .002), and reported participation in drug treatment increased (8.0{\%} vs. 18.8{\%}, p = .01). A decrease in the mean number of injections per syringe was reported, 11.4 vs. 4.7 (p <.001). These data suggest that NEP attendance can contribute to significant reductions in risky drug-use behaviors in HIV-seropositive drug users.",
keywords = "HIV, Injection drug use, Needle exchange program, Prevention, Substance abuse",
author = "John Vertefeuille and Melissa Hewett-Marx and Waimar Tun and Steven Huettner and Strathdee, {Steffanie A.} and David Vlahov",
year = "2000",
doi = "10.1023/A:1026406623736",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "4",
pages = "381--388",
journal = "AIDS and Behavior",
issn = "1090-7165",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Decline in self-reported high-risk injection-related behaviors among HIV-seropositive participants in the Baltimore needle exchange program

AU - Vertefeuille, John

AU - Hewett-Marx, Melissa

AU - Tun, Waimar

AU - Huettner, Steven

AU - Strathdee, Steffanie A.

AU - Vlahov, David

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - This study was conducted to determine whether enrollment in a needle exchange program (NEP) was associated with reduction(s) in high-risk injection practices among HIV-seropositive drug users. Between August 1994 and August 1997 HIV-seropositive individuals who underwent baseline and 6-month follow-up visits in the Baltimore NEP evaluation were studied. Chi-square statistics and paired t tests were used to compare reported injection-related behaviors between visits. One hundred and twelve HIV-seropositive NEP participants completed baseline and follow-up visits. Between visits self-reported lending of used syringes to others decreased (34.0% vs. 15.5%, p = .001), borrowing syringes from others decreased (23.2% vs. 11A%, p = .002), and reported participation in drug treatment increased (8.0% vs. 18.8%, p = .01). A decrease in the mean number of injections per syringe was reported, 11.4 vs. 4.7 (p <.001). These data suggest that NEP attendance can contribute to significant reductions in risky drug-use behaviors in HIV-seropositive drug users.

AB - This study was conducted to determine whether enrollment in a needle exchange program (NEP) was associated with reduction(s) in high-risk injection practices among HIV-seropositive drug users. Between August 1994 and August 1997 HIV-seropositive individuals who underwent baseline and 6-month follow-up visits in the Baltimore NEP evaluation were studied. Chi-square statistics and paired t tests were used to compare reported injection-related behaviors between visits. One hundred and twelve HIV-seropositive NEP participants completed baseline and follow-up visits. Between visits self-reported lending of used syringes to others decreased (34.0% vs. 15.5%, p = .001), borrowing syringes from others decreased (23.2% vs. 11A%, p = .002), and reported participation in drug treatment increased (8.0% vs. 18.8%, p = .01). A decrease in the mean number of injections per syringe was reported, 11.4 vs. 4.7 (p <.001). These data suggest that NEP attendance can contribute to significant reductions in risky drug-use behaviors in HIV-seropositive drug users.

KW - HIV

KW - Injection drug use

KW - Needle exchange program

KW - Prevention

KW - Substance abuse

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034514956&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034514956&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1023/A:1026406623736

DO - 10.1023/A:1026406623736

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0034514956

VL - 4

SP - 381

EP - 388

JO - AIDS and Behavior

JF - AIDS and Behavior

SN - 1090-7165

IS - 4

ER -