Decisions for lung cancer chemotherapy: The influence of physician and patient factors

Patricia M. Davidson, Moyez Jiwa, Alice J. Goldsmith, Sarah J. McGrath, Michelle Digiacomo, Jane L. Phillips, Meera Agar, Phillip J. Newton, David C. Currow

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to review the literature examining how the beliefs and behaviours of physicians and patients influence clinical communication, doctor-patient interaction and treatment decisions for lung cancer treatment. Methods: Literature was obtained via electronic database searches and hand searching of journals from 1990 to 2011. Results: Wide variability in perceptions of the value of chemotherapy in lung cancer is present among both physicians and patients. There is a mismatch in the degree patients and physicians weigh survival, such that patients value survival benefits highly whilst physicians strongly emphasize toxicity and associated symptoms. This lack of congruence between patients and clinicians is influenced by a range of factors and has implications for treatment decisions, long-term survival and quality of life in people affected by lung cancer. Conclusion: The divergence of treatment priorities indicates a need for improved communication strategies addressing the needs and concerns of both patients and clinicians. Patients should understand the benefits and risks of treatment options, while clinicians can gain a greater awareness of factors influencing patients' decisions on treatments. Reflecting these perspectives and patient preferences for lung cancer treatment in clinical guidelines may improve clinician awareness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1261-1266
Number of pages6
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume19
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Decision-making
  • Lung cancer
  • Patient preference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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