Deceased-donor renal transplantation in the geriatric population demonstrates equal graft survival compared with younger recipients

Alp Sener, Eugene J. Schweitzer, Raghava Munivenkatappa, Matthew Cooper, Stephen T. Bartlett, Benjamin Philosophe, Rolf N. Barth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND.: Renal transplantation (RTx) in the geriatric population (age >65 years) accounts for 14% of all RTx performed nationally in 2007. METHODS.: We reviewed 3297 RTx recipients from our database over a 15-year period to evaluate recipient and donor age, date of transplant and graft loss, cause of graft loss, and cold ischemic time in the geriatric population. RESULTS.: Since 1991, we have performed 468 living donor RTx (LDRTx) and deceased donor RTx (DDRTx) in patients more than 65 years: 280 (65-69 years), 128 (70-74 years), and 60 (>75 years). Geriatric recipients of DDRTx demonstrated 83.0%, 74.1%, and 64.1% uncensored graft survival at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. Interestingly, these rates were similar compared with DDRTx in adults (18-64 years, P=0.49). Geriatric recipients of LDRTx demonstrated 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year graft survival rates of 94.3%, 88.8%, and 72.3%, respectively. Although better than geriatric DDRTx recipients, these results were not equal to the success of adult LDRTx recipients, potentially because of poorer graft survival in LDRTx recipients more than 75 years (P=0.004). Death-censored graft survivals were similar between adult and geriatric recipients of LDRTx (P=0.28). Graft loss secondary to death was twice as great in geriatric versus adult recipients (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS.: DDRTx geriatric recipients of each group showed similar uncensored graft survivals to adult DDRTx recipients. LDRTx had better outcomes than DDRTx in geriatric recipients. Death-censored outcomes were similar between adult and geriatric LDRTx recipients. These data support the equivalent outcomes of RTx in appropriately selected geriatric recipients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1549-1554
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation
Volume87
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 27 2009

Keywords

  • Geriatrics
  • Graft
  • Kidney
  • Survival
  • Transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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