Decay-mode independent searches for new scalar bosons with the OPAL detector at LEP: The OPAL collaboration

G. Abbiendi, C. Ainsley, P. F. Åkesson, G. Alexander, J. Allison, P. Amaral, G. Anagnostou, K. J. Anderson, S. Arcelli, S. Asai, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, I. Bailey, E. Barberio, R. J. Barlow, R. J. Batley, P. Bechtle, T. Behnke, K. W. Bell, P. J. BellG. Bella, A. Bellerive, G. Benelli, S. Bethke, O. Biebel, I. J. Bloodworth, O. Boeriu, P. Bock, D. Bonacorsi, M. Boutemeur, S. Braibant, L. Brigliadori, R. M. Brown, K. Buesser, H. J. Burckhart, J. Cammin, S. Campana, R. K. Carnegie, B. Caron, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, I. Cohen, A. Csilling, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, G. M. Dallavalle, S. Dallison, A. De Roeck, E. A. De Wolf, K. Desch, M. Donkers, J. Dubbert, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, E. Elfgren, E. Etzion, F. Fabbri, L. Feld, P. Ferrari, F. Fiedler, I. Fleck, M. Ford, A. Frey, A. Fürtjes, P. Gagnon, J. W. Gary, G. Gaycken, C. Geich-Gimbel, G. Giacomelli, P. Giacomelli, M. Giunta, J. Goldberg, E. Gross, J. Grunhaus, M. Gruwé, P. O. Günther, A. Gupta, C. Hajdu, M. Hamann, G. G. Hanson, K. Harder, A. Harel, M. Harin-Dirac, M. Hauschild, J. Hauschildt, R. Hawkings, R. J. Hemingway, C. Hensel, G. Herten, R. D. Heuer, J. C. Hill, K. Hoffman, R. J. Homer, D. Horváth, R. Howard, P. Huntemeyer, P. Igo-Kemenes, K. Ishii, H. Jeremie, P. Jovanovic, T. R. Junk, N. Kanaya, J. Kanzaki, G. Karapetian, D. Karlen, V. Kartvelishvili, K. Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, D. H. Kim, K. Klein, A. Klier, M. Klute, S. Kluth, T. Kobayashi, M. Kobel, T. P. Kokott, S. Komamiya, L. Kormos, R. V. Kowalewski, T. Krämer, T. Kress, P. Krieger, J. von Krogh, D. Krop, M. Kupper, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, H. Landsman, D. Lanske, J. G. Layter, A. Leins, D. Lellouch, J. Letts, L. Levinson, J. Lillich, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, J. Lu, J. Ludwig, A. Macpherson, W. Mader, S. Marcellini, T. E. Marchant, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, G. Masetti, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, W. J. McDonald, J. McKenna, T. J. McMahon, R. A. McPherson, F. Meijers, P. Mendez-Lorenzo, W. Menges, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, A. Michelini, S. Mihara, G. Mikenberg, D. J. Miller, S. Moed, W. Mohr, T. Mori, A. Mutter, K. Nagai, I. Nakamura, H. A. Neal, R. Nisius, S. W. O'Neale, A. Oh, A. Okpara, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, C. Pahl, G. Pásztor, J. R. Pater, G. N. Patrick, J. E. Pilcher, J. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, B. Poli, J. Polok, O. Pooth, M. Przybycień, A. Quadt, K. Rabbertz, C. Rembser, P. Renkel, H. Rick, J. M. Roney, S. Rosati, Y. Rozen, K. Runge, D. R. Rust, K. Sachs, T. Saeki, O. Sahr, E. K.G. Sarkisyan, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, P. Scharff-Hansen, J. Schieck, T. Schoerner-Sadenius, M. Schroder, M. Schumacher, C. Schwick, W. G. Scott, R. Seuster, T. G. Shears, B. C. Shen, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous, P. Sherwood, G. Siroli, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, R. Sobie, S. Soldner-Rembold, S. Spagnolo, F. Spano, A. Stahl, K. Stephens, D. Strom, R. Strähmer, S. Tarem, M. Tasevsky, R. J. Taylor, R. Teuscher, M. A. Thomson, E. Torrence, D. Toya, P. Tran, T. Trefzger, A. Tricoli, I. Trigger, Z. Trócsányi, E. Tsur, M. F. Turner-Watson, I. Ueda, B. Ujvári, B. Vachon, C. F. Vollmer, P. Vannerem, M. Verzocchi, H. Voss, J. Vossebeld, D. Waller, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, N. K. Watson, P. S. Wells, T. Wengler, N. Wermes, D. Wetterling, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, G. Wolf, T. R. Wyatt, S. Yamashita, V. Zacek, D. Zer-Zion, L. Zivkovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper describes topological searches for neutral scalar bosons S0 produced in association with a Z0 boson via the Bjorken process e+e- → S0Z0 at centre-of-mass energies of 91 GeV and 183-209 GeV. These searches are based on studies of the recoil mass spectrum of Z0 → e+e- and μ+μ-and on a search for S0Z0 with Z0 → νν̄ and S0 → e+e- or photons. They cover the decays of the S0 into an arbitrary combination of hadrons, leptons, photons and invisible particles as well as the possibility that it might be stable. No indication for a signal is found in the data and upper limits on the cross section of the Bjorken process are calculated. Cross-section limits are given in terms of a scale factor k with respect to the Standard Model cross section for the Higgs-strahlung process e+e- → HSM0Z0. These results can be interpreted in general scenarios independently of the decay modes of the S0. The examples considered here are the production of a single new scalar particle with a decay width smaller than the detector mass resolution, and for the first time, two scenarios with continuous mass distributions, due to a single very broad state or several states close in mass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-329
Number of pages19
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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    Abbiendi, G., Ainsley, C., Åkesson, P. F., Alexander, G., Allison, J., Amaral, P., Anagnostou, G., Anderson, K. J., Arcelli, S., Asai, S., Axen, D., Azuelos, G., Bailey, I., Barberio, E., Barlow, R. J., Batley, R. J., Bechtle, P., Behnke, T., Bell, K. W., ... Zivkovic, L. (2003). Decay-mode independent searches for new scalar bosons with the OPAL detector at LEP: The OPAL collaboration. European Physical Journal C, 27(3), 311-329.