Deaths and injury patterns among powered-two wheeler users in Spain: Population-level data in regions with high helmet-use rates

Jason L. Forman, Rafael Heredero-Ordoyo, Francisco J. Lopez-Valdes, Maria Segui-Gomez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Despite increases in helmet use, powered two wheelers (PTWs - mopeds, motorcycles, scooters) remain the most dangerous form of travel on today's roads. This study sought to identify helmet use rates, mortality rates, and injury patterns among PTW users in Spain using a cross-sectional, ecological study design. Overall helmet use rates for 2005-2008 were obtained from sample-based observational studies performed by the Spanish Dirección General de Tráfico (DGT). Injury distributions among non-fatally-injured PTW users (age 14+) were obtained from a census of injury-related hospital discharge records. Fatality data were obtained from a census of police-reported roadway fatalities. Helmet use ranged from 85% to 100%. The most common injuries among non-fatally injured patients were fractures of the lower extremity (23% of injuries) and upper extremity (18%), and traumatic brain injury (12%). Fatality rates ranged from 0.8 to 3.0 per 100,000 population, per year. Neither the fatality rates nor the percent of non-fatal hospital cases exhibiting an AIS 3+ head injury correlated significantly with fluctuations in overall helmet use (within the range observed). These observations highlight challenges in PTW user safety remaining in populations that exhibit high helmet use rates. Future work includes re-examining risk factors in these populations to identify continuing opportunities for intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2011 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury
Pages113-124
Number of pages12
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Conference, IRCOBI 2011 - Krakow, Poland
Duration: Sep 14 2011Sep 16 2011

Other

OtherInternational Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Conference, IRCOBI 2011
CountryPoland
CityKrakow
Period9/14/119/16/11

Fingerprint

Head Protective Devices
Spain
Wounds and Injuries
Population
Motorcycles
Censuses
Hospital Records
Police
Craniocerebral Trauma
Upper Extremity
Observational Studies
Lower Extremity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Safety
Mortality

Keywords

  • Ecological
  • Helmet
  • Hospital
  • Motorcycle
  • Powered-two-wheeler

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Forman, J. L., Heredero-Ordoyo, R., Lopez-Valdes, F. J., & Segui-Gomez, M. (2011). Deaths and injury patterns among powered-two wheeler users in Spain: Population-level data in regions with high helmet-use rates. In 2011 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury (pp. 113-124)

Deaths and injury patterns among powered-two wheeler users in Spain : Population-level data in regions with high helmet-use rates. / Forman, Jason L.; Heredero-Ordoyo, Rafael; Lopez-Valdes, Francisco J.; Segui-Gomez, Maria.

2011 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury. 2011. p. 113-124.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Forman, JL, Heredero-Ordoyo, R, Lopez-Valdes, FJ & Segui-Gomez, M 2011, Deaths and injury patterns among powered-two wheeler users in Spain: Population-level data in regions with high helmet-use rates. in 2011 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury. pp. 113-124, International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Conference, IRCOBI 2011, Krakow, Poland, 9/14/11.
Forman JL, Heredero-Ordoyo R, Lopez-Valdes FJ, Segui-Gomez M. Deaths and injury patterns among powered-two wheeler users in Spain: Population-level data in regions with high helmet-use rates. In 2011 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury. 2011. p. 113-124
Forman, Jason L. ; Heredero-Ordoyo, Rafael ; Lopez-Valdes, Francisco J. ; Segui-Gomez, Maria. / Deaths and injury patterns among powered-two wheeler users in Spain : Population-level data in regions with high helmet-use rates. 2011 IRCOBI Conference Proceedings - International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury. 2011. pp. 113-124
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