Death ideation and suicidal ideation in a community sample who do not meet criteria for major depression

Jin Hui Joo, Seungyoung Hwang, Joseph J Gallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Suicide is strongly associated with depression, but many without depression have thoughts of death. Aims: To characterize persons who did not meet criteria for depressive illness but endorsed death ideation or suicidal ideation over the course of a 10-year follow-up. Method: Subjects included 753 participants of the Baltimore sample of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Program, a population-based 10-year follow-up survey, who neither met criteria for major depressive disorder nor reported death or suicidal ideation in 1994. Results: Persons with death ideation or suicidal ideation in 2004 were generally distressed as measured by the General Health Questionnaire. At baseline, both groups endorsed difficulty with concentration, feeling unhappy, and taking things hard. Functional problems such as social withdrawal were endorsed by both groups. Those with suicidal ideation had a longer lifetime history of social phobia. Persons with death ideation did not use more health services but sought help from persons in their social network. Conclusion: Thoughts of death are associated with distress even in persons who do not have depressive illness. This group of persons may have subclinical depressive symptoms that will not be detected by depression screening. Detection of these persons will require broadening our concept of persons at risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-165
Number of pages5
JournalCrisis
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Death ideation
  • Major depressive disorder
  • Suicidal ideation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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