Death after diagnosis of noncommunicable disease comorbid conditions, stratified by injection drug use

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Abstract

Describe all-cause mortality associated with history of injection drug use (IDU) after a validated diagnosis of four noncommunicable disease (NCD) diagnoses: end-stage liver disease (ESLD); end-stage renal disease (ESRD); cancer; or myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke.Design:We followed four cohorts of persons in continuity HIV care in the Johns Hopkins HIV Clinic with a validated diagnosis of ESLD (n=67), ESRD (n=187), cancer (n=424), and MI or stroke (n=213) from 1996 through approximately 2014.Methods:Crude and adjusted Cox proportional hazards models to estimate hazard ratios for death after a validated diagnosis of one of four NCD diagnoses associated with history of IDU as an HIV acquisition risk factor.Results:History of IDU was not associated with death after ESRD (adjusted hazard ratio 0.98, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.57-1.68). Associations between history of IDU and death after ESLD and MI or stroke were weak, imprecise and not statistically significant (hazard ratio 1.17, 95% CI 0.63-2.19; hazard ratio 1.21, 95% CI 0.80-1.83). History of IDU was not associated with death after cancer in the first 6 months, but subsequently, the adjusted hazard ratio was 2.03 (95% CI 1.26-3.27).Conclusion:Persons with a history of injection drug use and non-IDU had strikingly similar risk and hazard of mortality after several major NCD diagnoses. Mortality after cancer diagnosis in this cohort was higher for persons with a history of IDU than those without; this may be because of being diagnosed with a different mix of specific sites and stages of cancers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-293
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • cancer
  • end-stage liver disease
  • end-stage renal disease
  • injection drug use
  • myocardial infarction
  • stroke
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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