Zur reliabilitat und validitat der deutschen version der Pramorbiden Anpassungsskala (PAS)

Translated title of the contribution: Data on the reliability and validity of the German version of the Premorbid Adjustment Scale (PAS)

H. Krauss, K. Marwinski, T. Schulze, D. J. Mueller, T. Held, M. Rietschel, W. Maier, H. J. Freyberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Premorbid Adjustment Scale (PAS) was developed by Cannon-Spoor et al. 1982 for research use and has gained importance internationally. This scale is designed to measure the extent of attaining developmental goals premorbidly. The German version is presented here, with first data on the reliability and validity of the scale. In a sample of schizophrenic and schizoaffective patients (n=86) and healthy parents of the patients (n=38), DSM-IV diagnosis was made and PAS and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) data were taken along with information on the course of the disorder. Using Cronbachs α, the estimated reliability for the scale and subscales lay between 0.809 and 0.931. High PAS scores, representing poor premorbid adjustment, correlated significantly with low age of onset, high PANSS scores, insidious onset, long hospitalisation, and serious course of the disorder. The threshold of PAS scores between healthy and sick probands was at 0.23. Patients with scores >0.53 appeared to have an unfavourable course. With test result >0.23, an odds ratio of 27.9 was ascertained (95% CI 9.39- 82.89). The findings presented correspond with those from previous reports in literature.

Translated title of the contributionData on the reliability and validity of the German version of the Premorbid Adjustment Scale (PAS)
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)188-194
Number of pages7
JournalNervenarzt
Volume71
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS)
  • Premorbid Adjustment Scale (PAS)
  • Premorbid functioning
  • Schizoaffective disorder
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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