Dasotraline in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A six-week, placebo-controlled, fixed-dose trial

Robert L. Findling, Lenard A. Adler, Thomas J. Spencer, Robert Goldman, Seth C. Hopkins, Kenneth S. Koblan, Justine Kent, Jay Hsu, Antony Loebel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Dasotraline is a potent inhibitor of presynaptic dopamine and norepinephrine reuptake with a pharmacokinetic profile characterized by slow absorption and a long elimination half-life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of dasotraline in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: Children aged 6-12 years with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) diagnosis of ADHD were randomized to 6 weeks of double-blind once-daily treatment with dasotraline (2 or 4 mg) or placebo. The primary efficacy endpoint was change from baseline in the ADHD Rating Scale Version IV-Home Version (ADHD RS-IV HV) total score at week 6. Results: A total of 342 patients were randomized to dasotraline or placebo (mean age 9.1 years, 66.7% male). Treatment with dasotraline was associated with significant improvement at study endpoint in the ADHD RS-IV HV total score for the 4 mg/day dose versus placebo (-17.5 vs. -11.4; p < 0.001; effect size [ES], 0.48), but not for the 2 mg/day dose (-11.8 vs. -11.4; ns; ES, 0.03). A regression analysis confirmed a significant linear dose-response relationship for dasotraline. Significant improvement for dasotraline 4 mg/day dose versus placebo was also observed across the majority of secondary efficacy endpoints, including the Clinical Global Impression (CGI)-Severity score, the Conners Parent Rating Scale-Revised scale (CPRS-R) ADHD index score, and subscale measures of hyperactivity and inattentiveness. Discontinuation rates due to adverse events (AEs) were higher in the dasotraline 4 mg/day group (12.2%) compared with the 2 mg/day group (6.3%) and placebo (1.7%). The most frequent AEs associated with dasotraline were insomnia, decreased appetite, decreased weight, and irritability. Psychosis-related symptoms were reported as AEs by 7/219 patients treated with dasotraline in this study. There were no serious AEs or clinically meaningful changes in blood pressure or heart rate on dasotraline. Conclusion: In this placebo-controlled study, treatment with dasotraline 4 mg/day significantly improved ADHD symptoms and behaviors, including attention and hyperactivity, in children aged 6-12 years. The most frequently reported AEs observed on dasotraline included insomnia, decreased appetite, decreased weight, and irritability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-89
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
  • dasotraline serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor
  • randomized controlled trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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