Cytopathological characteristics of solitary fibrous tumour involving the pancreas by fine needle aspiration: Making an accurate preoperative diagnosis in an uncommon location

Victoria M. Jones, Sintawat Wangsiricharoen, Virgilius Cornea, Therese J. Bocklage, Syed Z. Ali, Derek B. Allison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is a unique mesenchymal neoplasm with classic features on histology and is characterised by the NAB2-STAT6 gene fusion. There are rare reports of SFTs with pancreatic involvement and only two cases in the literature reporting its features by preoperative fine needle aspiration (FNA). Herein, we characterise the cytomorphological features of four SFTs involving the pancreas by FNA to establish a preoperative diagnostic approach. Methods: The anatomic pathology archives of two academic medical centres were searched to identify patients with a pancreatic FNA cytology specimen and a confirmed diagnosis of SFT by surgical resection. The clinical history, pathological diagnosis, cytomorphological findings, and results of immunohistochemistry (IHC) were reviewed. Results: Four SFTs were identified from four patients with a median age of 59 years. The morphological features were variable but most frequently showed a bland spindled-to-epithelioid proliferation in fragments and single cells with small, oval, elongated, and hypochromatic nuclei in a haphazard arrangement with or without dense collagen. One tumour presented with a concurrent metastasis and showed a pure epithelioid component with necrosis and enlarged, hyperchromatic nuclei with conspicuous nucleoli and scattered mitoses. IHC was necessary for all diagnoses which were confirmed by surgical resection. Conclusions: SFTs with pancreatic involvement are rare, and non-specific features and tumour heterogeneity can pose a diagnostic challenge on FNA; however, IHC can be used to make a definitive diagnosis. As a result, FNA is a simple, safe, cost-effective, and accurate approach that can be used to diagnose SFT in the pancreas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCytopathology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • cytopathology
  • fine needle aspiration (FNA)
  • immunohistochemistry
  • pancreas
  • solitary fibrous tumour (SFT)
  • STAT6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology

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