Cytomegalovirus-specific cytolytic T-cell lines and clones generated against adenovirus-pp65-infected dendritic cells

Carolyn A. Keever-Taylor, David Margolis, Steve Konings, Gordon R. Sandford, Charles A. Nicolette, Carla Lawendowski, William H. Burns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a serious complication of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). CMV disease can usually be prevented by passive immunization with donor-derived CMV-pp65-specific T-cell clones if provided early post-BMT. The classic method of generating CMV-specific T-cell clones requires donor-derived fibroblast lines infected with CMV as stimulators, thus limiting the availability of CMV immunotherapy to those patients for whom a donor skin biopsy can be obtained 6 to 8 weeks pretransplantation. To overcome this limitation we have used monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs) to induce donor anti-CMV cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). Matured, adeno-pp65-infected DCs were added at day 0 and at day 7 of a 2-week culture of donor peripheral blood mononuclear cells. DC-primed cultures were compared with cultures stimulated in an identical fashion with CMV-infected fibroblasts or with adeno-pp65-infected freshly isolated blood monocytes. Specific killing of CMV-infected fibroblasts was detected in all except the culture stimulated with pp65-infected monocytes. DCs infected after maturation elicited greater CTL activity than did DCs matured after infection. A series of 5 CD8+ clones from a fibroblast-stimulated culture and 7 CD8+ clones from a mature-DC-stimulated culture derived from a single HLA-A*0201+ individual were characterized. All 12 clones lysed autologous CMV-infected fibroblasts. All except 1 clone from the CMV-infected fibroblast arm (fibroblast arm) lysed vaccinia-pp65-infected B-lymphoblastoid cell lines (BLCLs); none lysed vaccinia-pp150-infected or noninfected BLCLs. Ten of 10 CD8+ clones tested were restricted by HLA-A*0201. Seven of the 12 clones were Vβ6+ (2 from the fibroblast arm and 5 from the DC arm) with an identical Vβ6.1-J1.4 sequence. Three clones from the fibroblast arm and 5 clones from the DC arm recognized the pp65 peptide NLVPMVATV (amino acids [aa], 495-503). These data show that CMV-specific T-cell clones with similar restriction patterns, T cell-receptor usage, and specificity can be generated using monocyte-derived pp65-infected-DC or CMV-infected-fibroblast stimulators. This approach should broaden the applicability of CMV-specific T-cell immunotherapy to a wider spectrum of patients by reducing the time required to generate CMV-specific T-cell clones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-256
Number of pages10
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Allogeneic BMT
  • Cytolytic T cells
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Dendritic cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Cytomegalovirus-specific cytolytic T-cell lines and clones generated against adenovirus-pp65-infected dendritic cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this