We determined whether serum cystatin C, a novel measure of kidney function that colocalizes with brain β-amyloid, is associated with cognition among 3,030 elders. Those with high cystatin C (n = 445; 15%) had worse baseline scores on Modified Mini-Mental State Examination or Digit Symbol Substitution Test (p ≤ 0.02) compared with those with intermediate/low level and 7 years greater decline (p ≤ 0.04). Incident cognitive impairment (decline ≥1.0 standard deviation) was greatest among those with high cystatin C (Modified Mini-Mental State Examination: 38 vs 25%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.92; 95% confidence interval, 1.37-2.69; Digit Symbol Substitution: 38 vs 26%; odds ratio, 1.54; 95% confidence interval, 1.10-2.15).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology