Cynicism and paranoid alienation in the Cook and Medley HO scale

P. T. Costa, A. B. Zonderman, R. R. McCrae, R. B. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Factor analysis of responses from 1002 men and women were used to define two subscales of the Cook and Medley Hostility Scale. Both the Cynicism and the Paranoid Alienation subscale described attitudes of mistrust and alienation, and both were correlated with MMPI factors measuring aspects of psychopathology. It was suggested that measures of the broader domain of Agreeableness-Antagonism be examined as possible predictors of CHD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-285
Number of pages3
JournalPsychosomatic medicine
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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