The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of cyclosporin A in a rat model of myocardial ischaemia reperfusion injury (MI/R). Anaesthetized rats were subjected to total occlusion (20 min) of the left main coronary artery followed by 5 h reperfusion (MI/R). Sham myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion rats (Sham MI/R) were used as controls. Myocardial necrosis, myocardial myeloperoxidase activity (MPO), serum creatinine phosphokinase activity (CPK), serum tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), cardiac mRNA for TNF-α, cardiac intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) immunostaining and myocardial contractility (left ventricle dP/dt(max)) were evaluated. Myocardial ischaemia plus reperfusion in untreated rats produced marked myocardial necrosis, increased serum CPK activity and myeloperoxidase activity (a marker of leukocyte accumulation) both in the area-at-risk and in the necrotic area, reduced myocardial contractility and induced a marked increase in the serum levels of the TNF-α. Furthermore increased cardiac mRNA for TNF-α was measurable within 10 to 20 min of left main coronary artery occlusion in the area-at-risk and increased levels were generally sustained for 0.5 h. Finally, myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury increased ICAM-1 staining in the myocardium. Administration of cyclosporin A (0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg as an i.v. infusion 5 min after coronary artery occlusion) lowered myocardial necrosis and myeloperoxidase activity in the area-at-risk and in the necrotic area, decreased serum CPK activity, increased myocardial contractility, reduced serum levels of TNF-α and the cardiac cytokine mRNA levels, and blunted ICAM-1 immunostaining in the injured myocardium. The data suggest that cyclosporin A suppresses leukocyte accumulation and protects against myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.
- Cyclosporin A
- Myocardial ischemia
- TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor-α)
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