We have examined the regulation of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS) by phosphorylation with cyclic-GMP (PKG) and cyclic-AMP-dependent (PKA) protein kinases. In vitro phosphorylation studies indicate that both PKG and PKA phosphorylate NOS on a single site. Phosphoamino-acid analysis and peptide mapping demonstrate that phosphorylation by either cyclic-nucleotide kinase occurs on a similar serine residue. Phosphorylation of purified NOS by either PKG or PKA diminishes catalytic activity. Stimulation by 8-Br-cGMP of HEK-293 cells stably transfected with the cDNA for neuronal NOS (293.NOS cells) results in phosphorylation of immunoprecipitated NOS. Incubation of 293-NOS cells with 8-bromo-cGMP or dibutyryl-cAMP reduces nitrite release in response to stimulation with calcium ionophore A23187. Phosphorylation-induced decreases in NOS activity may counterbalance and modulate NOS activating signals.
- Nitric oxide
- nitric oxide synthase
- protein kinases
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience