Cutaneous gastric electrical stimulation alters gastric motility in dogs: New option for gastric electrical stimulation?

Jieyun Yin, Hui Ouyang, Zhishun Wang, Jiande D.Z. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Aim: We investigated the effects of cutaneous gastric electrical stimulation (CGES) on gastric myoelectrical activity, postprandial antral contractions and gastric tone in dogs. Methods: CGES was carried out via abdominal surface electrodes over the stomach. After an overnight fast, gastric slow waves were recorded from the serosal electrodes in six dogs at a frequency of 4.4 cycles/min (c.p.m.) or 10 c.p.m. Nine dogs were used for the measurement of postprandial antral contractions. Gastric tone at baseline and during CGES was measured in six of the dogs. Results: We found that: (i) CGES at 4.4 c.p.m. decreased slow wave frequency (5.1 vs 4.6 c.p.m., P < 0.05) and increased slow wave power (-6.2 vs 2.7 c.p.m., P < 0.05); CGES at 10 c.p.m. increased slow wave frequency (5.1 vs 9.2 dB, P < 0.05) and decreased normal slow waves (85.4% vs 60.0%, P < 0.05); (ii) CGES at 10 c.p.m. significantly suppressed postprandial antral contractions (P < 0.01); (iii) CGES had no effects on gastric tone. Conclusions: CGES is capable of altering gastric slow waves and inhibiting gastric motility. It may have therapeutic potential for treating eating disorders, such as obesity. However, clinical studies are needed to explore the potential of CGES.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-154
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antral contraction
  • Gastric electrical stimulation
  • Gastric motility
  • Gastric myoelectrical activity
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Cutaneous gastric electrical stimulation alters gastric motility in dogs: New option for gastric electrical stimulation?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this