In patients with advanced ovarian cancer, initial treatment with combination chemotherapy, including cyclophosphamide and cis-platinum diamminedichloride (cis-platinum), produces response and progression-free survival results which are superior to those achieved with alkylating single-agent chemotherapy. Unfortunately most schedules have not resulted in a statistically significant improvement of overall survival. So far one of the most effective combination regimens is the four-drug regimen, CHAP-5 that consists of cyclophosphamide, hexamethylmelamine, adriamycin, and cis-platinum. This regimen is the first schedule to result in significant improved survival times compared with a second combination schedule, i.e. Hexa-CAF, which is at least as good as alkylating therapy alone. The CHAP-5 regimen was rather toxic but it was manageable and easy to apply in daily practice. Further improvement of the treatment results in advanced ovarian carcinoma will be difficult because no effective new drugs are available. In future clinical research it must be tried to decrease the toxicity and morbidity of the current schedules without reducing efficacy and survival.
- Ovarian cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging