Current perspectives on motor functioning in infants, children, and adults with autism spectrum disorders

Anjana N. Bhat, Rebecca Landa, James C. Galloway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are the most common pediatric diagnoses in the United States. In this perspective article, we propose that a diverse set of motor impairments are present in children and adults with ASDs. Specifically, we will discuss evidence related to gross motor, fine motor, postural control, and imitation/ praxis impairments. Moreover, we propose that early motor delays within the first 2 years of life may contribute to the social impairments of children with ASDs; therefore, it is important to address motor impairments through timely assessments and effective interventions. Lastly, we acknowledge the limitations of the evidence currently available and suggest clinical implications for motor assessment and interventions in children with ASDs. In terms of assessment, we believe that comprehensive motor evaluations are warranted for children with ASDs and infants at risk for ASDs. In terms of interventions, there is an urgent need to develop novel embodied interventions grounded in movement and motor learning principles for children with autism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1116-1129
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Therapy
Volume91
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Fingerprint

Autistic Disorder
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Learning
Pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Current perspectives on motor functioning in infants, children, and adults with autism spectrum disorders. / Bhat, Anjana N.; Landa, Rebecca; Galloway, James C.

In: Physical Therapy, Vol. 91, No. 7, 07.2011, p. 1116-1129.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{630a2a9bf1b84b18bdeb696b879d4a63,
title = "Current perspectives on motor functioning in infants, children, and adults with autism spectrum disorders",
abstract = "Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are the most common pediatric diagnoses in the United States. In this perspective article, we propose that a diverse set of motor impairments are present in children and adults with ASDs. Specifically, we will discuss evidence related to gross motor, fine motor, postural control, and imitation/ praxis impairments. Moreover, we propose that early motor delays within the first 2 years of life may contribute to the social impairments of children with ASDs; therefore, it is important to address motor impairments through timely assessments and effective interventions. Lastly, we acknowledge the limitations of the evidence currently available and suggest clinical implications for motor assessment and interventions in children with ASDs. In terms of assessment, we believe that comprehensive motor evaluations are warranted for children with ASDs and infants at risk for ASDs. In terms of interventions, there is an urgent need to develop novel embodied interventions grounded in movement and motor learning principles for children with autism.",
author = "Bhat, {Anjana N.} and Rebecca Landa and Galloway, {James C.}",
year = "2011",
month = "7",
doi = "10.2522/ptj.20100294",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "91",
pages = "1116--1129",
journal = "Physical Therapy",
issn = "0031-9023",
publisher = "American Physical Therapy Association",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Current perspectives on motor functioning in infants, children, and adults with autism spectrum disorders

AU - Bhat, Anjana N.

AU - Landa, Rebecca

AU - Galloway, James C.

PY - 2011/7

Y1 - 2011/7

N2 - Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are the most common pediatric diagnoses in the United States. In this perspective article, we propose that a diverse set of motor impairments are present in children and adults with ASDs. Specifically, we will discuss evidence related to gross motor, fine motor, postural control, and imitation/ praxis impairments. Moreover, we propose that early motor delays within the first 2 years of life may contribute to the social impairments of children with ASDs; therefore, it is important to address motor impairments through timely assessments and effective interventions. Lastly, we acknowledge the limitations of the evidence currently available and suggest clinical implications for motor assessment and interventions in children with ASDs. In terms of assessment, we believe that comprehensive motor evaluations are warranted for children with ASDs and infants at risk for ASDs. In terms of interventions, there is an urgent need to develop novel embodied interventions grounded in movement and motor learning principles for children with autism.

AB - Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are the most common pediatric diagnoses in the United States. In this perspective article, we propose that a diverse set of motor impairments are present in children and adults with ASDs. Specifically, we will discuss evidence related to gross motor, fine motor, postural control, and imitation/ praxis impairments. Moreover, we propose that early motor delays within the first 2 years of life may contribute to the social impairments of children with ASDs; therefore, it is important to address motor impairments through timely assessments and effective interventions. Lastly, we acknowledge the limitations of the evidence currently available and suggest clinical implications for motor assessment and interventions in children with ASDs. In terms of assessment, we believe that comprehensive motor evaluations are warranted for children with ASDs and infants at risk for ASDs. In terms of interventions, there is an urgent need to develop novel embodied interventions grounded in movement and motor learning principles for children with autism.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80053129670&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80053129670&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2522/ptj.20100294

DO - 10.2522/ptj.20100294

M3 - Article

C2 - 21546566

AN - SCOPUS:80053129670

VL - 91

SP - 1116

EP - 1129

JO - Physical Therapy

JF - Physical Therapy

SN - 0031-9023

IS - 7

ER -