Current management of xerostomia

Karen T. Pitman, Jonas T. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Xerostomia is a distressing complaint for which the physician may be consulted. Normal salivary flow is 1000 to 1500 mL/d. Xerostomia may be accompanied by complaints of soreness or a burning sensation in the oral cavity, dysphagia, and taste disturbances. Dry mouth typically occurs when the salivary flow rate is reduced by 40% to 50%. Xerostomia may be due to either reversible or irreversible entities. Medication-associated dryness may be reversible with withdrawal of the medication. Irreversible causes include Sjogren's syndrome and external beam irradiation. Treatment is directed at relief of symptoms. A variety of topical and pharmacologic sialogogues are available. Therapeutic options are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)200-204
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Opinion in Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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