Current knowledge and impressions of speech-language pathologists of the swallow of persons who are obese

Paul M. Evitts, Michelle Kopf, Megan Kauffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The overall goal of this study was to provide insight on the topic of dysphagia in the obese population. More specifically, the purpose of this study was to obtain preliminary descriptive data on the knowledge and impressions of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) working in the field of dysphagia on the swallow of persons who are obese. Methods: One hundred seventy-seven SLPs responded to a web-based survey that was posted on two popular listserves that serve the dysphagia community. Results: Descriptive results showed that nearly all SLPs have assessed and treated patients who are obese for dysphagia, that there is little consensus as to how the obese swallow compares to the normal swallow, and that there is a consensus that dysphagia observed in the obese population is most likely related to other concomitant disorders. Conclusions: Results provide preliminary insight into the knowledge and impressions of SLPs working with dysphagia and highlight the need for future research to determine (1) if there is an increased incidence of dysphagia in the obese population, and (2) if obesity itself constitutes a risk factor for dysphagia or if any dysphagia observed in this population is related to other comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2262-2269
Number of pages8
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Volume36
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Keywords

  • Deglutition
  • Deglutition disorders
  • Dysphagia
  • Obesity
  • Swallowing muscles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

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