Current evidence on perinatal home visiting and intimate partner violence

Phyllis W. Sharps, Jacquelyn Campbell, Marguerite L. Baty, Keisha S. Walker, Megan H. Bair-Merritt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To describe current evidence on home visiting interventions for pregnant or postpartum women with specific intimate partner violence assessment and content. Data Sources: Online bibliographic databases including PubMed, CINAHL Plus, and Web of Science and a hand search of bibliographies of relevant articles. Study Selection: Original research and intervention studies were included that contained (a) a well-described prenatal and/or postpartum home visitation; (b) an assessment of perinatal intimate partner violence; and (c) quantitative data describing health outcomes for the women and their infants. Data Extraction: The search yielded 128 articles, and 8 relevant articles met all of the inclusion criteria. Nonresearch, nonintervention, and international articles were excluded. Data Synthesis: No perinatal home visiting interventions were designed to address intimate partner violence. Programs that screened for intimate partner violence found high rates, and the presence of intimate partner violence limited the ability of the intervention to improve maternal and child outcomes. Conclusions: Perinatal home visitation programs likely improve pregnancy and infant outcomes. Home visiting interventions addressing intimate partner violence in nonperinatal population groups have been effective in minimizing intimate partner violence and improving outcomes. This suggests that perinatal home visiting programs adding specific intimate partner violence interventions may reduce intimate partner violence and improve maternal and infant health. Continued rigorous research is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)480-491
Number of pages12
JournalJOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

Keywords

  • Abuse
  • Domestic violence
  • Home visitation
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Critical Care
  • Maternity and Midwifery

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