Cumulative blood pressure in early adulthood and cardiac dysfunction in middle age: The CARDIA study

Satoru Kishi, Gisela Teixido-Tura, Hongyan Ning, Bharath Ambale Venkatesh, Colin Wu, Andre Almeida, Eui Young Choi, Ola Gjesdal, David R. Jacobs, Pamela J. Schreiner, Samuel S. Gidding, Kiang Liu, Joao Lima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Cumulative blood pressure (BP) exposure may adversely influence myocardial function, predisposing individuals to heart failure later in life. Objectives This study sought to investigate how cumulative exposure to higher BP influences left ventricular (LV) function during young to middle adulthood. Methods The CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) study prospectively enrolled 5,115 healthy African Americans and whites in 1985 and 1986 (baseline). At the year 25 examination, LV function was measured by 2-dimensional echocardiography; cardiac deformation was assessed in detail by speckle-tracking echocardiography. We used cumulative exposure of BP through baseline and up to the year 25 examination (millimeters of mercury × year) to represent long-term exposure to BP levels. Linear regression and logistic regression were used to quantify the association of BP measured repeatedly through early adulthood (18 to 30 years of age) up to middle age (43 to 55 years). Results Among 2,479 participants, cumulative BP measures were not related to LV ejection fraction; however, high cumulative exposure to systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were associated with lower longitudinal strain rate (both p <0.001). For diastolic function, higher cumulative exposures to SBP and DBP were associated with low early diastolic longitudinal peak strain rate. Of note, higher DBP (per SD increment) had a stronger association with diastolic dysfunction compared with SBP. Conclusions Higher cumulative exposure to BP over 25 years from young adulthood to middle age is associated with incipient LV systolic and diastolic dysfunction in middle age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2679-2687
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume65
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 30 2015

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Young Adult
Coronary Vessels
Blood Pressure
Left Ventricular Function
Echocardiography
Hypertension
Mercury
African Americans
Stroke Volume
Linear Models
Heart Failure
Logistic Models

Keywords

  • echocardiography
  • hypertension
  • left ventricular function
  • speckle tracking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Cumulative blood pressure in early adulthood and cardiac dysfunction in middle age : The CARDIA study. / Kishi, Satoru; Teixido-Tura, Gisela; Ning, Hongyan; Ambale Venkatesh, Bharath; Wu, Colin; Almeida, Andre; Choi, Eui Young; Gjesdal, Ola; Jacobs, David R.; Schreiner, Pamela J.; Gidding, Samuel S.; Liu, Kiang; Lima, Joao.

In: Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Vol. 65, No. 25, 30.06.2015, p. 2679-2687.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kishi, S, Teixido-Tura, G, Ning, H, Ambale Venkatesh, B, Wu, C, Almeida, A, Choi, EY, Gjesdal, O, Jacobs, DR, Schreiner, PJ, Gidding, SS, Liu, K & Lima, J 2015, 'Cumulative blood pressure in early adulthood and cardiac dysfunction in middle age: The CARDIA study', Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 65, no. 25, pp. 2679-2687. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2015.04.042
Kishi, Satoru ; Teixido-Tura, Gisela ; Ning, Hongyan ; Ambale Venkatesh, Bharath ; Wu, Colin ; Almeida, Andre ; Choi, Eui Young ; Gjesdal, Ola ; Jacobs, David R. ; Schreiner, Pamela J. ; Gidding, Samuel S. ; Liu, Kiang ; Lima, Joao. / Cumulative blood pressure in early adulthood and cardiac dysfunction in middle age : The CARDIA study. In: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2015 ; Vol. 65, No. 25. pp. 2679-2687.
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abstract = "Background Cumulative blood pressure (BP) exposure may adversely influence myocardial function, predisposing individuals to heart failure later in life. Objectives This study sought to investigate how cumulative exposure to higher BP influences left ventricular (LV) function during young to middle adulthood. Methods The CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) study prospectively enrolled 5,115 healthy African Americans and whites in 1985 and 1986 (baseline). At the year 25 examination, LV function was measured by 2-dimensional echocardiography; cardiac deformation was assessed in detail by speckle-tracking echocardiography. We used cumulative exposure of BP through baseline and up to the year 25 examination (millimeters of mercury × year) to represent long-term exposure to BP levels. Linear regression and logistic regression were used to quantify the association of BP measured repeatedly through early adulthood (18 to 30 years of age) up to middle age (43 to 55 years). Results Among 2,479 participants, cumulative BP measures were not related to LV ejection fraction; however, high cumulative exposure to systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were associated with lower longitudinal strain rate (both p <0.001). For diastolic function, higher cumulative exposures to SBP and DBP were associated with low early diastolic longitudinal peak strain rate. Of note, higher DBP (per SD increment) had a stronger association with diastolic dysfunction compared with SBP. Conclusions Higher cumulative exposure to BP over 25 years from young adulthood to middle age is associated with incipient LV systolic and diastolic dysfunction in middle age.",
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T1 - Cumulative blood pressure in early adulthood and cardiac dysfunction in middle age

T2 - The CARDIA study

AU - Kishi, Satoru

AU - Teixido-Tura, Gisela

AU - Ning, Hongyan

AU - Ambale Venkatesh, Bharath

AU - Wu, Colin

AU - Almeida, Andre

AU - Choi, Eui Young

AU - Gjesdal, Ola

AU - Jacobs, David R.

AU - Schreiner, Pamela J.

AU - Gidding, Samuel S.

AU - Liu, Kiang

AU - Lima, Joao

PY - 2015/6/30

Y1 - 2015/6/30

N2 - Background Cumulative blood pressure (BP) exposure may adversely influence myocardial function, predisposing individuals to heart failure later in life. Objectives This study sought to investigate how cumulative exposure to higher BP influences left ventricular (LV) function during young to middle adulthood. Methods The CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) study prospectively enrolled 5,115 healthy African Americans and whites in 1985 and 1986 (baseline). At the year 25 examination, LV function was measured by 2-dimensional echocardiography; cardiac deformation was assessed in detail by speckle-tracking echocardiography. We used cumulative exposure of BP through baseline and up to the year 25 examination (millimeters of mercury × year) to represent long-term exposure to BP levels. Linear regression and logistic regression were used to quantify the association of BP measured repeatedly through early adulthood (18 to 30 years of age) up to middle age (43 to 55 years). Results Among 2,479 participants, cumulative BP measures were not related to LV ejection fraction; however, high cumulative exposure to systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were associated with lower longitudinal strain rate (both p <0.001). For diastolic function, higher cumulative exposures to SBP and DBP were associated with low early diastolic longitudinal peak strain rate. Of note, higher DBP (per SD increment) had a stronger association with diastolic dysfunction compared with SBP. Conclusions Higher cumulative exposure to BP over 25 years from young adulthood to middle age is associated with incipient LV systolic and diastolic dysfunction in middle age.

AB - Background Cumulative blood pressure (BP) exposure may adversely influence myocardial function, predisposing individuals to heart failure later in life. Objectives This study sought to investigate how cumulative exposure to higher BP influences left ventricular (LV) function during young to middle adulthood. Methods The CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) study prospectively enrolled 5,115 healthy African Americans and whites in 1985 and 1986 (baseline). At the year 25 examination, LV function was measured by 2-dimensional echocardiography; cardiac deformation was assessed in detail by speckle-tracking echocardiography. We used cumulative exposure of BP through baseline and up to the year 25 examination (millimeters of mercury × year) to represent long-term exposure to BP levels. Linear regression and logistic regression were used to quantify the association of BP measured repeatedly through early adulthood (18 to 30 years of age) up to middle age (43 to 55 years). Results Among 2,479 participants, cumulative BP measures were not related to LV ejection fraction; however, high cumulative exposure to systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were associated with lower longitudinal strain rate (both p <0.001). For diastolic function, higher cumulative exposures to SBP and DBP were associated with low early diastolic longitudinal peak strain rate. Of note, higher DBP (per SD increment) had a stronger association with diastolic dysfunction compared with SBP. Conclusions Higher cumulative exposure to BP over 25 years from young adulthood to middle age is associated with incipient LV systolic and diastolic dysfunction in middle age.

KW - echocardiography

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KW - left ventricular function

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