Culturally anchoring an intervention for gender-based violence

Cheryl M. Killion, Elizabeth Sloand, Faye A. Gary, Nancy Glass, Betty P. Dennis, Nicole Cesar Muller, Mona Hassan, Gloria B. Callwood, Doris W. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Haitians continue to rebuild following the devastating earthquake in 2010, as many also strive to recover and heal from associated horrific events. Immediately following the earthquake, domestic and international agencies reported dramatic increases in violence against women and girls in this small Caribbean nation that shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. In this article, we highlight one segment of a situational analysis used as groundwork for developing an intervention to address gender-based violence (GBV). We sought to rapidly identify existing and needed resources and services for internally displaced women and girls in Haiti and to facilitate an immediate and sustainable response. During an eight-day period, we convened focus groups in Port au Prince. Displaced women and older girls, directors of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), health care providers and administrators, and community youth leaders participated in the focus groups. Findings from these focus groups illuminate the multiple influences of GBV on displaced women and girls. Gaps, strengths, and limitations of existing resources, capacities, systems, and services for internally displaced Haitian women and girls were identified. In addition, factors that could potentially support or hinder effective implementation of preventive and response interventions were revealed. Our findings provided a foundation and structure for developing a culturally specific educational and safety plan which was used in Haiti following the earthquake and continues to have relevance for use, today.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-94
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Health Promotion and Education
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 4 2018

Keywords

  • Gender-based violence
  • Haiti
  • focus groups
  • natural disasters
  • situational analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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