Objective: Preoperative staging of pancreatic tumors is frequently accomplished through a combined effort of CT and arteriography. For tumor detection and delineation of disease extent CT is utilized routinely, with CT arterial portography (CTAP) being the single most accurate study for the detection of liver metastases. Arteriography has remained the “gold” standard for assessing vascular involvement. The purpose of this study was to determine whether CTAP could become the single study of choice for assessing resectability in patients with pancreatic and periampullary tumors with particular emphasis on its accuracy in determining vascular involvement. Materials and Methods: Radiologic studies and medical records were reviewed in 20 patients who had received both CTAP and arteriographic examinations for preoperative assessment of pancreatic and periampullary tumors. These findings were correlated with results from either surgery (12 cases) or percutaneous biopsy and follow-up (8 cases) in 12 nonresectable and 8 resectable tumors. Results: Arteriography and CTAP correctly concurred in 75% of cases (15 of 20); CTAP correctly demonstrated vascular involvement not appreciated on arteriography in 15% (3 of 20) with an overall sensitivity and specificity of 90 and 100%, respectively. Arteriography was superior to CTAP in one patient (5%) with an overall sensitivity and specificity of 70 and 90%, respectively, for predicting vascular involvement by tumor. Conclusion: Our experience suggests that CTAP is more accurate than arteriography for demonstrating tumor involvement of major peripancreatic vessels. Because CTAP, additionally, has a high sensitivity for detecting liver metastases, no further studies may be necessary to determine operability of these patients.
- Computed tomography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging