Cryptosporidium parvum is not transmissible to fish, amphibians, or reptiles

Thaddeus K. Graczyk, Ronald Fayer, Michael R. Cranfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A recent report suggested that an isolate of Cryptosporidium parvum had established infections in fish, amphibians, and reptiles and raises concern that animals other than mammals might be a potential source of waterborne Cryptosporidium oocysts. To test this possibility, viable C. parvum oocysts, infectious for neonatal BALB/c mice, were delivered by gastric intubation to bluegill sunfish, poison-dart frogs, African clawed frogs, bearded dragon lizards, and corn snakes. Histological sections of the stomach, jejunum, ileum, and cloaca prepared from tissues collected on days 7 and 14 postinoculation (PI) were negative for Cryptosporidium developmental stages. However, inoculum-derived oocysts were detectable by fluorescein-labeled monoclonal antibody in feces of inoculated animals from day 1 to day 12 PI in fish and frogs, and up to day 14 PI in lizards. Snakes did not defecate for 14 days PI. Impression smears taken at necropsy on days 7 and 14 PI revealed C. parvum oocysts in the lumen of the cloaca of 2 fish and 1 lizard on day 7 PI only. Because tissue stages of the pathogen were not found, it appears that C. parvum was not heterologously transmitted to lower vertebrates. Under certain circumstances, however, such as after the ingestion of C. parvum- infected prey, lower vertebrates may disseminate C. parvum oocysts in the environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)748-751
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Parasitology
Volume82
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1996

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Cryptosporidium parvum
Reptiles
Amphibians
reptile
Oocysts
lizard
frog
amphibian
reptiles
amphibians
Fishes
oocysts
snake
Lizards
vertebrate
fish
Anura
Cloaca
lizards
Perciformes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Cryptosporidium parvum is not transmissible to fish, amphibians, or reptiles. / Graczyk, Thaddeus K.; Fayer, Ronald; Cranfield, Michael R.

In: Journal of Parasitology, Vol. 82, No. 5, 10.1996, p. 748-751.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Graczyk, Thaddeus K. ; Fayer, Ronald ; Cranfield, Michael R. / Cryptosporidium parvum is not transmissible to fish, amphibians, or reptiles. In: Journal of Parasitology. 1996 ; Vol. 82, No. 5. pp. 748-751.
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