Crosstalk between Nrf2 and Notch signaling

Nobunao Wakabayashi, Dionysios V. Chartoumpekis, Thomas W. Kensler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The transcription factor Nrf2 (nuclear factor, erythroid derived 2, like 2) belongs to the CNC-bZip protein family, forming a transcriptosome with its direct heterodimer partner, sMaf, and co-factors such as CBP/p300. Nrf2 binds to one or more AREs (antioxidant response elements) that are located in the gene regulatory regions of the hundreds of Nrf2 target genes. The AREs are key enhancers that are activated in response to endogenous or exogenous stresses to maintain cellular and tissue homeostasis. Data emanating from gene expression microarray analyses comparing Nrf2-disrupted and wild-type mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) showed that expression of Notch1 and Notch-signaling-related genes were decreased in Nrf2-disrupted cells. This observation triggered our research on Nrf2-Notch crosstalk. A functional ARE has been identified upstream of the Notch1 major transcription start site. Furthermore, an Rbpjκ binding site is conserved on the promoters of Nrf2 among animal species. Notch1 is one of the transmembrane Notch family receptors that drive Notch signaling, together with the Rbpjκ transcription factor. After canonically accepting ligands such as Jags and Deltas, the receptor undergoes cleavage to yield the Notch intracellular domain, which translocates to the nucleus. Recent studies using conditional knockout mice indicate that Notch1 as well as Notch2 plays an important role postnatally in liver development and in maintenance of hepatic function. In this review, we summarize current understanding of the role of reciprocal transcriptional regulation between Nrf2 and Notch in adult liver from studies using Nrf2, Keap1, and Notch1 genetically engineered mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-167
Number of pages10
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume88
Issue numberPart B
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Antioxidant response element (ARE)
  • Liver regeneration
  • Notch
  • Nrf2
  • Rbpjκ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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