Tumor antigen-specific T-cell tolerance may limit the efficacy of therapeutic cancer vaccines. Direct presentation of antigens by tumor cells incapable of providing adequate costimulation to tumor-specific T cells has been suggested as the basis for this unresponsiveness. Using parent-into-F1 bone marrow (BM) chimeras, this study unambiguously demonstrates that the induction of this tolerant state requires T-cell recognition of tumor antigen presented by BM-derived antigen-presenting cells (APCs), not tumor cells themselves. In the absence of host APC presentation, tumor-specific T cells remained functional, even in the setting of antigen expressed by B-cell lymphomas residing in secondary lymphoid tissues. The intrinsic APC capacity of tumor cells has therefore little influence over T-cell priming versus tolerance, a decision that is regulated at the level of host APCs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology