Critical shortage of new antibiotics in development against multidrug-resistant bacteria - Time to react is now

Laura Freire-Moran, Bo Aronsson, Chris Manz, Inge C. Gyssens, Anthony D. So, Dominique L. Monnet, Otto Cars

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two commercial databases (Pharmaprojects and Adis Insight R&D) were queried for antibacterial agents in clinical development. Particular attention was given to antibacterial agents for systemic administration. For each agent, reviewers were requested to indicate whether its spectrum of activity covered a set of selected multidrug-resistant bacteria, and whether it had a new mechanism of action or a new target. In addition, PubMed was searched for antibacterial agents in development that appeared in review articles. Out of 90 agents that were considered to fulfil the inclusion criteria for the analysis, 66 were new active substances. Fifteen of these could be systemically administered and were assessed as acting via a new or possibly new mechanism of action or on a new or possibly new target. Out of these, 12 agents were assessed as having documented in vitro activity against antibiotic-resistant Gram-positive bacteria and only four had documented in vitro activity against antibiotic-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Of these four, two acted on new or possibly new targets and, crucially, none acted via new mechanisms of action. There is an urgent need to address the lack of effective treatments to meet the increasing public health burden caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria, in particular against Gram-negative bacteria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)118-124
Number of pages7
JournalDrug Resistance Updates
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antibacterial drug development
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Antibiotics
  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • ECDC
  • EMA
  • Gap-analysis
  • Multidrug resistant bacteria
  • Novel antimicrobials
  • ReAct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cancer Research
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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