Critical incident stress management (CISM) represents a departure from earlier univariate crisis intervention strategies. CISM is a comprehensive, multicomponent, crisis intervention approach that includes preincident training, acute care interventions, and postincident response follow-up. The first review of this literature included published reports through 1997. This report covers the period from 1998-2002. A databased search revealed 20 papers of specific CISM programs or multiple interventions programs that are CISM-like in nature. These papers are reviewed and the strengths and weaknesses of the literature as a whole are presented; implications are discussed.
- Crisis intervention
- Critical incident stress management
- Emergency services
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health