Critical care of traumatic spinal cord injury

Xiaofeng Jia, Robert G. Kowalski, Daniel M. Sciubba, Romergryko G. Geocadin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Approximately 11 000 people suffer traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) in the United States, each year. TSCI incidences vary from 13.1 to 52.2 per million people and the mortality rates ranged from 3.1 to 17.5 per million people. This review examines the critical care of TSCI. The discussion will focus on primary and secondary mechanisms of injury, spine stabilization and immobilization, surgery, intensive care management, airway and respiratory management, cardiovascular complication management, venous thromboembolism, nutrition and glucose control, infection management, pressure ulcers and early rehabilitation, pharmacologic cord protection, and evolving treatment options including the use of pluripotent stem cells and hypothermia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-23
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Intensive Care Medicine
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • Critical care
  • SCI
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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