Critical Care Implications of the Affordable Care Act

Anjali P. Dogra, Todd Dorman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

To provide an overview of key elements of the Affordable Care Act. To evaluate ways in which the Affordable Care Act will likely impact the practice of critical care medicine. To describe strategies that may help health systems and providers effectively adapt to changes brought about by the Affordable Care Act. Data Sources and Synthesis: Data sources for this concise review include search results from the PubMed and Embase databases, as well as sources relevant to public policy such as the text of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and reports of the Congressional Budget Office. As all of the Affordable Care Act's provisions will not be fully implemented until 2019, we also drew upon cost, population, and utilization projections, as well as the experience of existing state-based healthcare reforms. Conclusions: The Affordable Care Act represents the furthest reaching regulatory changes in the U.S. healthcare system since the 1965 Medicare and Medicaid provisions of the Social Security Act. The Affordable Care Act aims to expand health insurance coverage to millions of Americans and place an emphasis on quality and cost-effectiveness of care. From models which link pay and performance to those which center on episodic care, the Affordable Care Act outlines sweeping changes to health systems, reimbursement structures, and the delivery of critical care. Staffing models that include daily rounding by an intensivist, palliative care integration, and expansion of the role of telemedicine in areas where intensivists are inaccessible are potential strategies that may improve quality and profitability of ICU care in the post-Affordable Care Act era.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e168-e173
JournalCritical care medicine
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • Access and evaluation
  • Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
  • critical care
  • delivery of healthcare
  • health services administration
  • healthcare costs
  • healthcare quality
  • healthcare reform
  • policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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