CREB binding protein recruitment to the transcription complex requires growth factor-dependent phosphorylation of its GF box

Kerstin Zanger, Sally Radovick, Fredric E. Wondisford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Growth factors such as epidermal growth factor (EGF) and insulin regulate development and metabolism via genes containing both POU homeodomain (Pit-1) and phorbol ester (AP-1) response elements. Although CREB binding protein (CBP) functions as a coactivator on these elements, the mechanism of transactivation was previously unclear. We now demonstrate that CBP is recruited to these elements only after it is phosphorylated at serine 436 by growth factor-dependent signaling pathways. In contrast, p300, a protein closely related to CBP that lacks this phosphorylation site, binds only weakly to the transcription complex and in a growth factor-independent manner. A small region of CBP (amino acids 312-440), which we term GF box, contains a potent transactivation domain and mediates this effect. Direct phosphorylation represents a novel mechanism controlling coactivator recruitment to the transcription complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)551-558
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular cell
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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