Coverage and determinants of newborn feeding practices in rural Burkina Faso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective:Newborn feeding practices are important to neonatal health and survival, but understudied in sub-Saharan Africa. We assessed the prevalence and determinants of newborn feeding practices in Burkina Faso.Study design:An 18 000 household survey was conducted in rural Burkina Faso in 2010 to 2011. Women of reproductive age were asked about antenatal, delivery and newborn care practices for their most recent live birth. Coverage of newborn feeding practices was estimated and multivariate regression was used to assess determinants of these practices.Result:Seventy-six percent of live births were breastfed within 24 h of birth, 84% were given colostrum and 21% received prelacteals. Facility delivery and antenatal care attendance were associated with positive feeding practices.Conclusion:Positive newborn feeding practices were common in rural Burkina Faso, relative to other low-income settings. Interventions are needed to improve feeding practices among home-born babies, and to encourage earlier initiation of breastfeeding among facility-born newborns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-374
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Burkina Faso
Newborn Infant
Live Birth
Colostrum
Prenatal Care
Africa South of the Sahara
Breast Feeding
Parturition
Survival

Keywords

  • breastfeeding
  • colostrum
  • household survey
  • neonatal
  • prelacteal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Coverage and determinants of newborn feeding practices in rural Burkina Faso",
abstract = "Objective:Newborn feeding practices are important to neonatal health and survival, but understudied in sub-Saharan Africa. We assessed the prevalence and determinants of newborn feeding practices in Burkina Faso.Study design:An 18 000 household survey was conducted in rural Burkina Faso in 2010 to 2011. Women of reproductive age were asked about antenatal, delivery and newborn care practices for their most recent live birth. Coverage of newborn feeding practices was estimated and multivariate regression was used to assess determinants of these practices.Result:Seventy-six percent of live births were breastfed within 24 h of birth, 84{\%} were given colostrum and 21{\%} received prelacteals. Facility delivery and antenatal care attendance were associated with positive feeding practices.Conclusion:Positive newborn feeding practices were common in rural Burkina Faso, relative to other low-income settings. Interventions are needed to improve feeding practices among home-born babies, and to encourage earlier initiation of breastfeeding among facility-born newborns.",
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author = "Munos, {Melinda Kay} and Mullany, {Luke C} and Adboulaye Maiga and B. Baya and Jennifer Bryce",
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AU - Munos, Melinda Kay

AU - Mullany, Luke C

AU - Maiga, Adboulaye

AU - Baya, B.

AU - Bryce, Jennifer

PY - 2014

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N2 - Objective:Newborn feeding practices are important to neonatal health and survival, but understudied in sub-Saharan Africa. We assessed the prevalence and determinants of newborn feeding practices in Burkina Faso.Study design:An 18 000 household survey was conducted in rural Burkina Faso in 2010 to 2011. Women of reproductive age were asked about antenatal, delivery and newborn care practices for their most recent live birth. Coverage of newborn feeding practices was estimated and multivariate regression was used to assess determinants of these practices.Result:Seventy-six percent of live births were breastfed within 24 h of birth, 84% were given colostrum and 21% received prelacteals. Facility delivery and antenatal care attendance were associated with positive feeding practices.Conclusion:Positive newborn feeding practices were common in rural Burkina Faso, relative to other low-income settings. Interventions are needed to improve feeding practices among home-born babies, and to encourage earlier initiation of breastfeeding among facility-born newborns.

AB - Objective:Newborn feeding practices are important to neonatal health and survival, but understudied in sub-Saharan Africa. We assessed the prevalence and determinants of newborn feeding practices in Burkina Faso.Study design:An 18 000 household survey was conducted in rural Burkina Faso in 2010 to 2011. Women of reproductive age were asked about antenatal, delivery and newborn care practices for their most recent live birth. Coverage of newborn feeding practices was estimated and multivariate regression was used to assess determinants of these practices.Result:Seventy-six percent of live births were breastfed within 24 h of birth, 84% were given colostrum and 21% received prelacteals. Facility delivery and antenatal care attendance were associated with positive feeding practices.Conclusion:Positive newborn feeding practices were common in rural Burkina Faso, relative to other low-income settings. Interventions are needed to improve feeding practices among home-born babies, and to encourage earlier initiation of breastfeeding among facility-born newborns.

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KW - colostrum

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KW - prelacteal

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