Covariate adjustment using propensity scores for dependent censoring problems in the accelerated failure time model

Youngjoo Cho, Chen Hu, Debashis Ghosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In many medical studies, estimation of the association between treatment and outcome of interest is often of primary scientific interest. Standard methods for its evaluation in survival analysis typically require the assumption of independent censoring. This assumption might be invalid in many medical studies, where the presence of dependent censoring leads to difficulties in analyzing covariate effects on disease outcomes. This data structure is called “semicompeting risks data,” for which many authors have proposed an artificial censoring technique. However, confounders with large variability may lead to excessive artificial censoring, which subsequently results in numerically unstable estimation. In this paper, we propose a strategy for weighted estimation of the associations in the accelerated failure time model. Weights are based on propensity score modeling of the treatment conditional on confounder variables. This novel application of propensity scores avoids excess artificial censoring caused by the confounders and simplifies computation. Monte Carlo simulation studies and application to AIDS and cancer research are used to illustrate the methodology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-404
Number of pages15
JournalStatistics in Medicine
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 10 2018

Keywords

  • informative censoring
  • observational study
  • perturbation
  • resampling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Statistics and Probability

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