Substitution of the m,p-chloro groups of bis-benzylidinepiperidone RA190 for p-nitro, generating RA183, enhanced covalent drug binding to Cys88 of RPN13. Treatment of cancer cell lines with RA183 inhibited ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation, resulting in rapid accumulation of high-molecular-weight polyubiquitinated proteins, blockade of NFκB signaling, endoplasmic reticulum stress, an unfolded protein response, production of reactive oxygen species, and apoptotic cell death. High-grade ovarian cancer, triple-negative breast cancer, and multiple myeloma cell lines were particularly vulnerable to RA183. RA183 stabilized a tetraubiquitin-linked firefly luciferase reporter protein in cancer cell lines and mice, demonstrating in vitro and in vivo proteasomal inhibition, respectively. However, RA183 was rapidly cleared from plasma, likely reflecting its rapid degradation to the active compound RA9, as seen in human liver microsomes. Intraperitoneal administration of RA183 inhibited proteasome function and orthotopic tumor growth in mice bearing human ovarian cancer model ES2-luc ascites or syngeneic ID8-luc tumor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)