Cost-effectiveness of community-level approaches to HIV prevention: A review

S. D. Pinkerton, J. G. Kahn, D. R. Holtgrave

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Effective community-level HIV prevention strategies have the potential to reach large numbers of at-risk individuals at relatively small per-capita costs, and therefore to be highly cost-effective. We review the published literature on the cost-effectiveness of community-level HIV prevention interventions, including five studies of sexual behavior change interventions and seven risk reduction programs for injection drug users. Overall, these studies indicate that community-level strategies can be very cost-effective, and in many cases, actually save society money by averting the need for costly HIV/AIDS medical care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-198
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Primary Prevention
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Cost analysis
  • Cost-effectiveness
  • Interventions
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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