Cost-effectiveness analysis of targeted and sequential screening strategies for latent tuberculosis

James D. Mancuso, D. W. Niebuhr, K. D. Frick, L. W. Keep, K. M. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

SETTING: No cost-effectiveness studies of testing for latent tuberculosis infection have incorporated both targeted testing and the use of interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) in heterogeneous populations. OBJECTIVE: To examine the cost-effectiveness of universal vs. targeted and sequential testing strategies and the use of tuberculin skin testing (TST) vs. IGRAs. DESIGN: Using a decision-analytic model, incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were calculated in 2009 among nine potential strategies for screening recruits. A societal perspective was taken over a 20-year analytic horizon, discounting future costs at 3% annually. Sensitivity analyses were conducted to determine how changes in assumptions affected the estimates. RESULTS: Targeted strategies cost over US$250 000 per case prevented, whereas universal testing strategies cost over US$700 000 per incremental case prevented in base case and most sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSION: Targeted testing offered the best value in this population, although it was still relatively expensive compared to no testing. Sequential testing with both TST and IGRAs provided a poor incremental value compared to targeted and universal testing strategies. Targeted testing using TST was slightly more cost-effective than targeted testing using either QuantiFERON® -TB Gold In-Tube or T-SPOT® .TB, but these estimates were very sensitive to changes in model assumptions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1223-1230
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

Keywords

  • Cost-effectiveness analysis
  • Recruit medicine
  • Tuberculosis screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Infectious Diseases

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