Cost and Health Care Resource Utilization Differences After Spine Surgery for Bony Spine versus Primary Intradural Spine Tumors

Aladine A. Elsamadicy, Andrew B. Koo, Benjamin C. Reeves, Isaac G. Freedman, Zach Pennington, Wyatt B. David, Jeff Ehresman, Astrid Hengartner, Maxwell Laurans, Luis Kolb, John H. Shin, Daniel M. Sciubba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare complication rates, length of stay (LOS), and hospital costs after spine surgery for bony spine tumors and intradural spinal neoplasms. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed using the National Inpatient Sample database from 2016 to 2017. All adult inpatients who underwent surgical intervention for a primary intradural spinal tumor or primary/metastatic bony spine tumor were identified using International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis/procedural coding systems. Patient demographics, comorbidities, intraoperative variables, complications, LOS, discharge disposition, and total cost of hospitalization were assessed. Backward stepwise multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to identify independent predictors of perioperative complication, extended LOS (≥75th percentile), and increased cost (≥75th percentile). Results: A total of 9855 adult patients were included in the study; 3850 (39.1%) were identified as having a primary intradural spinal tumor and 6005 (60.9%) had a primary or metastatic bony spine tumor. Those treated for bony tumors had more comorbidities (≥3, 67.8% vs. 29.2%) and more commonly experienced ≥1 complications (29.9% vs. 7.9%). Multivariate analyses also showed those in the bony spine cohort had a higher odds of experiencing ≥1 complications (odds ratio [OR], 4.26; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.04–5.97; P < 0.001), extended LOS (OR, 2.44; 95% CI, 1.75–3.38; P < 0.001), and increased cost (OR, 5.32; 95% CI, 3.67–7.71; P < 0.001). Conclusions: Relative to patients being treated for primary intradural tumors, those undergoing spine surgery for bony spine tumors experience significantly higher risk for perioperative complications, extended LOS, and increased cost of hospital admission. Further identification of patient and treatment characteristics that may optimize management of spine oncology may reduce adverse outcomes, improve patient care, and reduce health care resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalWorld neurosurgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Bony spine tumor
  • Health care utilization
  • Primary intradural spine tumor
  • Spine surgery
  • Spine tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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