Corrie health digital platform for self-management in secondary prevention after acute myocardial infarction: Micore rationale and design

Erin M. Spaulding, Francoise A. Marvel, Matthias A. Lee, William E. Yang, Ryan Demo, Jane Wang, Helen Xun, Lochan Shah, Daniel Weng, Oluwaseun E. Fashanu, Jocelyn Carter, Julie Sheidy, Renee McLin, Jennifer Flowers, Maulik Majmudar, Eric Elgin, Valerie Vilarino, David Lumelsky, Vinayak Bhardwaj, William PadulaJerilyn K. Allen, Seth S. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Unplanned readmissions after hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction are among the leading causes of preventable morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. Digital health interventions could be an effective tool in promoting self-management, adherence to guideline-directed therapy, and cardiovascular risk reduction. A digital health intervention developed at Johns Hopkins-the Corrie Health Digital Platform (Corrie)-includes the first cardiology Apple CareKit smartphone application, which is paired with an Apple Watch and iHealth Bluetooth-enabled blood pressure cuff. Corrie targets: (1) self-management of cardiac medications, (2) self-Tracking of vital signs, (3) education about cardiovascular disease through articles and animated videos, and (4) care coordination that includes outpatient follow-up appointments. Methods and Results: The 3 phases of the MiCORE study (Myocardial infarction, Combined-device, Recovery Enhancement) include (1) the development of Corrie, (2) a pilot study to assess the usability and feasibility of Corrie, and (3) a prospective research study to primarily compare time to first readmission within 30 days postdischarge among patients with Corrie to patients in the historical standard of care comparison group. In Phase 2, the feasibility of deploying Corrie in an acute care setting was established among a sample of 60 patients with acute myocardial infarction. Phase 3 is ongoing and patients from 4 hospitals are being enrolled as early as possible during their hospital stay if they are 18 years or older, admitted with acute myocardial infarction (ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction or type I non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction), and own a smartphone. Patients are either being enrolled with their own personal devices or they are provided an iPhone and/or Apple Watch for the duration of the study. Phase 3 started in October 2017 and we aim to recruit 140 participants. Conclusions: This article will provide an in-depth understanding of the feasibility associated with implementing a digital health intervention in an acute care setting and the potential of Corrie as a self-management tool for acute myocardial infarction recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere005509
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

Keywords

  • blood pressure
  • cardiovascular diseases
  • healthy lifestyle
  • hospitalization
  • myocardial infarction
  • patient readmission
  • smartphone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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