Correlation of the diameter of the left common iliac vein with the risk of lower-extremity deep venous thrombosis

Stephanie Carr, Keith Chan, Jarrett Rosenberg, William T. Kuo, Nishita Kothary, David M. Hovsepian, Daniel Y. Sze, Lawrence V. Hofmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Compression of the left common iliac vein (CIV; LCIV) is a known risk factor for lower-extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT). This study was performed to model the probability of DVT based on LCIV diameter and apply this to a quantitative DVT risk factor scoring system. Materials and Methods: Medical records were used to identify female patients younger than 45 years of age who were diagnosed with lower-extremity DVT (n = 21) and age-matched control subjects (n = 26) who presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain. Minimum CIV diameters were measured on computed tomography. Based on published reporting standards, 13 risk factors were scored for patients diagnosed with left-sided DVT and for control subjects. The association between vein diameter and DVT was examined by Mann-Whitney test. Odds of DVT based on vein diameter was assessed by logistic regression. Results: Mean minimum LCIV diameters were 4.0 mm for patients with DVT and 6.5 mm for patients without DVT (P =.001). The odds of left DVT increased by a factor of 1.68 for each millimeter decrease in LCIV diameter (odds ratio = 1.68; P =.006; 95% confidence interval, 1.16-2.43). As the risk factor score increased, the relationship between diameter and risk for DVT became stronger; identical LCIV diameters were associated wtih a higher probability of developing DVT if the risk factor score was higher. Conclusions: Stenosis of the LCIV was found to be a strong independent risk factor for development of DVT. Moreover, each millimeter decrease in CIV diameter increased the odds of DVT by a factor of 1.68.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1467-1472
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume23
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012

Keywords

  • CI
  • CIV
  • DVT
  • IVCS
  • LCIV
  • OR
  • PE
  • common iliac vein
  • confidence interval
  • deep vein thrombosis
  • iliac vein compression syndrome
  • left common iliac vein
  • odds ratio
  • pulmonary embolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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