Correlation of cytogenetic results with immunophenotype, genotype, clinical features, and ras mutation in acute myeloid leukemia A study of 235 Chinese patients in Taiwan

Hwei Fang Tien, Chiu Hwa Wang, Ming Tseh Lin, Fen Yu Lee, Ming Chi Liu, Sou Ming Chuang, Yao Chang Chen, Ming Ching Shen, Kai Hsin Lin, Dong Tsam Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Of 235 consecutive patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML), clonal chromosomal abnormalities were detected in 151 (64%) of them. Twenty-four of the 71 patients with M2 AML had t(8;21), 35 of the 36 M3 patients had t(15;17), and 11 of the 45 M4 leukemia disclosed inv(16). Six of the eight patients with 11q23 abnormality had M4 or M5 subtype of leukemia. The incidence of t(15;17) and t(8;21) was higher in our patients than in patients from most Western countries. Immunophenotyping was performed on 197 patients. Patients with t(15;17) were associated with negativity to HLA-DR, CD11b, and CD34. Patients with t(8;21) expressed CD13 and CD33 less frequently than other patients, but all showed CD15 positivity. Coexpression of lymphoid-associated antigens on the leukemic blasts was detected in 52 patients (26%), including all 7 patients with t(9;22), 3 of the 8 patients with t/del(11)(q23), 2 of the 25 patients with t(15;17), and 2 of the 22 patients with t(8;21). Seven (35%) of the 20 patients coexpressing lymphoid markers showed immunoglobulin heavy chain or T-cell receptor β-chain gene rearrangements, while only 2 (4%) of the 53 patients without lymphoid antigen expression did so. Patients with inv(16), t(8;21), and t(15;17) had a better prognosis than other patients. Of all surface antigens tested, only CD15, CD11b, and HLA-DR were of prognostic value: CD15 with a higher complete remission (CR) rate and CD11b or HLA-DR with a shorter CR duration. N-ras mutations were detected in 7 (18%) of the 40 patients in the study, including two of the three patients with inv(16). This study demonstrated differences in clinical features, immunophenotypes, and genotypes among different cytogenetic subgroups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-68
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Volume84
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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