Enhanced viral reactivation (EVR) is considered to be one manifestation of an inducible response to DNA damage in mammalian cells analogous to the SOS response in Escherichia coli. EVR is characterized by the increased survival of ultraviolet (UV>irradiated virus in cells which have been pretreated with DNA-damaging agents or by another type of cellular stress, heat shock (HS). In this study, we have analyzed the induction of nuclear proteins from Vero cells treated with either UV or HS, with the goal of identifying the protein(s) which mediate the EVR response. Results of 2-dimensional protein gel electrophoresis and fluorographic analysis of [35S]Imethionine-labeled nuclear proteins showed that UV-irradiation caused the increased synthesis of five proteins at 4–9 h after treatment. At 19–24 h, one of these proteins was still being synthesized at a higher level in UV-irradiated cells, and there were nine additional proteins whose syntheses were enhanced over control levels. In contrast, HS induced only one Mt 72, 000 nuclear protein whose synthesis was maximal during the 4–9-h labeling period and corresponded to one of the proteins induced by UV at 19–24 h. Subsequent Western and Northern blot analyses have confirmed that this protein is a member of the heat shock protein (hsp) 70 family. Elevated nuclear levels of this protein correlated temporally with the maximum EVR response induced by each treatment (4 h after HS and 24 h after UV). Since the kinetics of EVR is different following UV and HS and parallels the difference in the induction of nuclear levels of hsp70 following each treatment, the results suggest that hsp70 may be involved in mediating the EVR response. In addition, this protein may also play a role in the recovery of DNA synthesis in UV-irradiated cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Mar 15 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research