Correlation between the amplitude of cortical activation and reaction time: A functional MRI study

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE. We sought to examine the correlation between reaction time and the amplitude of cortical activation during the performance of a visuomotor response-time task in a functional MRI (fMRI) experiment. We hypothesized that the fMRI blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) amplitude may have a negative correlation with a subject's reaction time: the lower the amplitude within the cortical areas along the visuomotor pathway, the slower the response. A larger amplitude of the fMRI signal would reflect faster response times. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. During a single-event fMRI experiment, the reaction times (in milliseconds) of 32 right-handed subjects responding to a visual cue were recorded. Analysis of the single-event paradigm using Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM99) was performed, activation maps were produced for each subject, and then a random effects group analysis was performed. The maximum amplitudes of cortical activation (percent signal change) in four activated cortical regions were estimated and tabulated. The regions of interest included were the right and left occipital visual cortices, the supplementary motor area, and the left sensorimotor area. Simple and multiple regressions were performed between the mean reaction times of the subjects and the BOLD amplitudes in each region of interest and for the composite region of interest. RESULTS. The results showed significant negative associations between the reaction times and maximum amplitudes in the right occipital, left occipital, and left sensorimotor area cortical regions (p <0.05). However, no significant association was found between reaction times and the amplitude within the supplementary motor area. When the effects of age and sex on these associations were analyzed, we found that age had an impact on the results for individual regions of interest in the left occipital and left sensorimotor areas, but the composite amplitude of activation remained significantly correlated with reaction times. CONCLUSION. The degree of signal change in BOLD fMRI response of the right occipital, left occipital, and left sensorimotor areas reflects the speed of performance during the visuomotor response time task by the subject. Thus, the amplitude of activation can be used as one parameter to assess change in function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)759-765
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume183
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2004

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Reaction Time
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Motor Cortex
Occipital Lobe
Visual Cortex
Cues
Sensorimotor Cortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Cite this

@article{58539d8f43344a1288101ae868ac8001,
title = "Correlation between the amplitude of cortical activation and reaction time: A functional MRI study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE. We sought to examine the correlation between reaction time and the amplitude of cortical activation during the performance of a visuomotor response-time task in a functional MRI (fMRI) experiment. We hypothesized that the fMRI blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) amplitude may have a negative correlation with a subject's reaction time: the lower the amplitude within the cortical areas along the visuomotor pathway, the slower the response. A larger amplitude of the fMRI signal would reflect faster response times. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. During a single-event fMRI experiment, the reaction times (in milliseconds) of 32 right-handed subjects responding to a visual cue were recorded. Analysis of the single-event paradigm using Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM99) was performed, activation maps were produced for each subject, and then a random effects group analysis was performed. The maximum amplitudes of cortical activation (percent signal change) in four activated cortical regions were estimated and tabulated. The regions of interest included were the right and left occipital visual cortices, the supplementary motor area, and the left sensorimotor area. Simple and multiple regressions were performed between the mean reaction times of the subjects and the BOLD amplitudes in each region of interest and for the composite region of interest. RESULTS. The results showed significant negative associations between the reaction times and maximum amplitudes in the right occipital, left occipital, and left sensorimotor area cortical regions (p <0.05). However, no significant association was found between reaction times and the amplitude within the supplementary motor area. When the effects of age and sex on these associations were analyzed, we found that age had an impact on the results for individual regions of interest in the left occipital and left sensorimotor areas, but the composite amplitude of activation remained significantly correlated with reaction times. CONCLUSION. The degree of signal change in BOLD fMRI response of the right occipital, left occipital, and left sensorimotor areas reflects the speed of performance during the visuomotor response time task by the subject. Thus, the amplitude of activation can be used as one parameter to assess change in function.",
author = "Mona Mohamed and Yousem, {David Mark} and Aylin Tekes and Nina Browner and Calhoun, {Vince Daniel}",
year = "2004",
month = "9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "183",
pages = "759--765",
journal = "American Journal of Roentgenology",
issn = "0361-803X",
publisher = "American Roentgen Ray Society",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Correlation between the amplitude of cortical activation and reaction time

T2 - A functional MRI study

AU - Mohamed, Mona

AU - Yousem, David Mark

AU - Tekes, Aylin

AU - Browner, Nina

AU - Calhoun, Vince Daniel

PY - 2004/9

Y1 - 2004/9

N2 - OBJECTIVE. We sought to examine the correlation between reaction time and the amplitude of cortical activation during the performance of a visuomotor response-time task in a functional MRI (fMRI) experiment. We hypothesized that the fMRI blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) amplitude may have a negative correlation with a subject's reaction time: the lower the amplitude within the cortical areas along the visuomotor pathway, the slower the response. A larger amplitude of the fMRI signal would reflect faster response times. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. During a single-event fMRI experiment, the reaction times (in milliseconds) of 32 right-handed subjects responding to a visual cue were recorded. Analysis of the single-event paradigm using Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM99) was performed, activation maps were produced for each subject, and then a random effects group analysis was performed. The maximum amplitudes of cortical activation (percent signal change) in four activated cortical regions were estimated and tabulated. The regions of interest included were the right and left occipital visual cortices, the supplementary motor area, and the left sensorimotor area. Simple and multiple regressions were performed between the mean reaction times of the subjects and the BOLD amplitudes in each region of interest and for the composite region of interest. RESULTS. The results showed significant negative associations between the reaction times and maximum amplitudes in the right occipital, left occipital, and left sensorimotor area cortical regions (p <0.05). However, no significant association was found between reaction times and the amplitude within the supplementary motor area. When the effects of age and sex on these associations were analyzed, we found that age had an impact on the results for individual regions of interest in the left occipital and left sensorimotor areas, but the composite amplitude of activation remained significantly correlated with reaction times. CONCLUSION. The degree of signal change in BOLD fMRI response of the right occipital, left occipital, and left sensorimotor areas reflects the speed of performance during the visuomotor response time task by the subject. Thus, the amplitude of activation can be used as one parameter to assess change in function.

AB - OBJECTIVE. We sought to examine the correlation between reaction time and the amplitude of cortical activation during the performance of a visuomotor response-time task in a functional MRI (fMRI) experiment. We hypothesized that the fMRI blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) amplitude may have a negative correlation with a subject's reaction time: the lower the amplitude within the cortical areas along the visuomotor pathway, the slower the response. A larger amplitude of the fMRI signal would reflect faster response times. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. During a single-event fMRI experiment, the reaction times (in milliseconds) of 32 right-handed subjects responding to a visual cue were recorded. Analysis of the single-event paradigm using Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM99) was performed, activation maps were produced for each subject, and then a random effects group analysis was performed. The maximum amplitudes of cortical activation (percent signal change) in four activated cortical regions were estimated and tabulated. The regions of interest included were the right and left occipital visual cortices, the supplementary motor area, and the left sensorimotor area. Simple and multiple regressions were performed between the mean reaction times of the subjects and the BOLD amplitudes in each region of interest and for the composite region of interest. RESULTS. The results showed significant negative associations between the reaction times and maximum amplitudes in the right occipital, left occipital, and left sensorimotor area cortical regions (p <0.05). However, no significant association was found between reaction times and the amplitude within the supplementary motor area. When the effects of age and sex on these associations were analyzed, we found that age had an impact on the results for individual regions of interest in the left occipital and left sensorimotor areas, but the composite amplitude of activation remained significantly correlated with reaction times. CONCLUSION. The degree of signal change in BOLD fMRI response of the right occipital, left occipital, and left sensorimotor areas reflects the speed of performance during the visuomotor response time task by the subject. Thus, the amplitude of activation can be used as one parameter to assess change in function.

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