Results of a previous study suggested that recipient mismatching for the minor histocompatibility antigen HA-1 is associated with acute graft-versus- host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic marrow transplantation. In that study, most patients received either cyclosporine or methotrexate for GVHD prophylaxis, and a cytotoxic T-cell clone was used to test for HA-1 disparity. To facilitate large-scale testing, we developed a method that uses genomic DNA to identify HA-1 alleles. A retrospective study was conducted to correlate HA-1 disparity and the occurrence of acute GVHD in 237 HLA-A2- positive white patients who had received a marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplant from an HLA-identical sibling. All patients received both methotrexate and cyclosporine for GVHD prophylaxis. The presence of HLA- A*0201 was confirmed in 34 of the 36 HA-1 disparate pairs by sequencing the HLA-A locus. Grades II-IV GVHD occurred in 22 (64.7%) of these 34 patients, compared with 86 (42.8%) of the 201 patients without HA-1 disparity (odds ratio, 2.45; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.15 to 5.23; P = .02). Recipient HA-1 disparity showed a trend for association with acute GVHD (odds ratio, 2.1; 95% CI, 0.91 to 4.68; P = .08) when a multivariable logistic regression model was used to include additional risk factors. These data are consistent with results of the previous study, suggesting an association between HA-1 disparity and risk of acute GVHD, but the strength of this association may be lower in patients who received both methotrexate and cyclosporine than in those who received methotrexate or cyclosporine alone.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Oct 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology