Background: It is unclear whether HIV-related factors modify risk of hypertension (HTN). In a cohort of patients with AIDS, the authors determined HTN incidence and prevalence and assessed associated traditional, HIV-specific, and retinal vasculature factors. Methods: Prospective observational cohort included 2390 patients with AIDS (1998-2011). Univariate analysis was used to assess the impact of traditional- and AIDS-related risk factors for HTN prevalence and incidence. Multivariate regression analyses were used to evaluate the adjusted impact of these factors. Results: Hypertension prevalence was 22% (95% confidence interval [CI] 21%-24%) and was associated with traditional HTN risk factors (age, black race, and higher weight) as well as diabetes, hyperlipidemia, time since AIDS diagnosis, and higher CD4 counts. Hypertension incidence was 64.1 per 1000 person-years (95% CI 58.7/1000-69.9/1000). Age, race, weight, and diabetes were associated with incident HTN but HIV-specific factors were not. Conclusions: Hypertension, a prevalent cardiovascular risk factor in patients with AIDS, is associated with traditional and metabolic risk factors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care|
|State||Published - Sep 2013|
- cardiovascular risk
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases