Correlates of HIV antibody testing among a sample of injection drug users: The role of social and contextual factors

Karin E. Tobin, Alice M. Tang, Stephanie H. Gilbert, Carl A. Latkin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

As injection drug users (IDUs) continue to be infected by HIV, an important component of prevention efforts is the identification of factors that are associated with utilization of HIV testing programs. The purpose of this study was to identify correlates of HIV testing within the past 12 months among IDUs. A sample of 558 IDUs, recruited from street-based and community venues, completed a cross-sectional survey. Multivariate logistic regression indicates factors independently associated with having been tested recently, including social structural factors such as being incarcerated, having interactions with an HIV prevention outreach worker, and having used a case manager. Furthermore, main sex partner's testing status was positively associated with recent testing. Support of programs that are designed to serve hard-to-reach populations and target couples may be effective in increasing HIV testing among active IDUs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-310
Number of pages8
JournalAIDS and behavior
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

Keywords

  • HIV testing
  • injection drug users
  • social structural factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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